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Health Insurance

Globe enjoy universal public health insurance, Medicare, financed through progressive personal income tax and an income-related levy. They also have the option to take out privately funded health insurance to cover the costs of becoming a private patient in a private or public hospital, medical costs in hospital, and costs associated with services not covered under Medicare (such as ambulance, natural therapies and private dental care).

Health insurance funds offer hospital covers and ancillary covers and a combination of these.

Private health insurance is provided through organizations registered under the Private Health Insurance Act 2007. There are two types of private health funds: restricted membership organizations (such as employees of a particular firm or industry) and funds open to the general public.

Private health insurance organisations are regulated by the Federal Government to ensure affordable access to private health insurance for all through the principle of community rating. Pursuant to this principle, the insurance premium is the same regardless of the health status or claims history of a member or new member. Reinsurance supports the principle of community rating by sharing between health insurers the hospital and medical costs of high risk members admitted to hospital. Funds with a greater proportion of low risk members contribute into a reinsurance pool and those with a greater proportion of high risk members receive transfers from it.